The main light of the studio lamp can create atmosphere and emphasize the image of characters, meeting the requirements of aesthetic styling. At the same time, the main light can also form the primary shadow, reflecting the external shape, appearance structure and texture. The main light can come from a local light source or an intangible light source. The effect of face light, like side light, can eliminate dead corners not illuminated in the picture, obtain overall illumination and blend with other lights to adjust the light ratio, reduce or increase brightness contrast, and depict facial shadows with better texture. Large brightness contrast can create some night scene effects, and small contrast can make thin faced people look fuller and eliminate facial wrinkles.
1. Lighting technology in studio assistance light
Also known as supplementary light or subordinate light. It is a soft light without shadows used to adjust the light ratio, weaken the rough shadows projected by the main light and express the details of dim faces. Ideally, the subsidiary light should not change the exposure, constitute messy shadows, or damage the effect of the main light. In addition, the subsidiary light should not obstruct the picture like other lights and should be able to act alone. Vigorous auxiliary light is often used to compensate for the unsuitable styling caused by the main light angle. The primary effect of the auxiliary light on the tonal equipment is to enhance the brightness distance in the picture and enrich the picture level. In color, the auxiliary light is a primary technique to balance colors.
2. Lighting technology in studio modifying light
The modifying light of studio lighting design is an essential light adjusting effect after determining the basic light types such as main light, assistant light, and backlight due to the differences in the nature, color and shape of characters, clothing, and props. However, it should not affect the underlying tone or create mess shadows or damage the effect of the main light. The modifying light should be able to highlight the characteristics of clothing and props without affecting basic tonality. Eye light is a reflected light that creates a glare on the pupils of the eyes to highlight the spiritual expression of characters. Ideal side light on the face should have a 75%:25% distribution of brightness to highlight the three-dimensional shape and viewpoint of the face. Adjusting the angle can compensate for some physical deficiencies of the shooting target.
3. Lighting technology in studio side light
Side light creates brightness in half on the face, highlights the contour lines of the forehead, nose, and lips and creates obvious glare, producing an intense three-dimensional effect on the face of characters, giving people a profound, tough, and powerful feeling. In news studio lighting, it is often used in factories to highlight workers.
4. Lighting technology in studio back light
Backlight shines from the opposite direction of the camera onto the shooting target to separate figures and backgrounds and highlight the head and shoulders of characters, outlining contour lines, outstanding spatial depth between the main body and the background and making them vivid and transparent, especially in close-up shots can create a halo of light around the object, increasing the beauty of the image. Therefore, a backlight is essential in shooting objects, especially characters. Top backlight primarily highlights the head and neck of characters, portrays the three-dimensional contour of the character, and has a sense of space. If the character is slightly off-axis to the backlight direction, an obvious glare can be produced on the forehead and cheeks, displaying a vigorous and sunny effect. When the character rotates 90 degrees with the camera, it can be used as the primary light to highlight the three-dimensional shape of the face of characters. Proper use of light ratio can give people a feeling of firmness.
5. Lighting technology in studio ambient light
The primary task of the ambient light of studio lighting technology is to reflect the time, location and specific atmosphere, and highlighting the activities of characters. The tone and color of the background can enhance the effect of the characters, especially in close-up and special shots, where the effect of the characters is more pronounced than the background. And soft led panel can be used to create a soft and even lighting effect, which is highly configurable and offers a wide range of color temperature and brightness control options. The lighting is set with a cool light: in news and interview programs, the world's most advanced three-color cool light is used, with low power and stable color temperature.
Nowadays, the studio lighting design and layout can meet the requirements of various types of program production and achieve the national standard for lighting design. Meanwhile, it has the characteristics of advanced functions, practicality, and reliability, and its functions are also complete and diverse.